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Aerodynamic Shape Optimization of an Adaptive Morphing Trailing Edge Wing

TitleAerodynamic Shape Optimization of an Adaptive Morphing Trailing Edge Wing
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLyu, Z, Martins, JRRA
Conference NameProceedings of the 15th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference
Date PublishedJune
Conference LocationAtlanta, GA

Adaptive morphing trailing edge wings have the potential to reduce the fuel burn of transport aircraft. In this paper, we quantify the aerodynamic performance benefits of a morphing trailing using aerodynamic design optimization. The aerodynamic model solves the Reynolds-averaged Navier--Stokes equations with a Spalart--Allmaras turbulence model. A gradient-based optimization algorithm is used in conjunction with an adjoint method that computes the required derivatives. The baseline geometry is optimized using a multipoint formulation with 192 shape design variables. The drag coefficient is minimized subject to lift, pitching moment, geometric constraints, and a 2.5g maneuver bending moment constraint. The trailing edge of the wing is optimized based on the multipoint optimized wing. The trailing edge morphing is parameterized using 90 design variables that are optimized independently for each flight condition. A total of 407 trailing edge optimizations are performed with different flight conditions to span the entire flight envelope. We observed 1% drag reduction at on-design conditions, and 5% drag reduction near off-design conditions. The effectiveness of the trailing edge morphing is demonstrated by comparing with the optimized results of a hypothetical fully morphing wing. In addition, we compute the fuel burn reductions for a number of flights using the optimization results. A 1% cruise fuel burn reduction is achieved using adaptive morphing trailing edge for a typical long-haul twin-aisle mission.

Citation KeyLyu2014e